Fetal distress can endanger the health of your unborn child. It means lack of sufficient oxygen and ailing issues with your baby throughout pregnancy or during labour and delivery. If the illness is not identified and treated promptly, major health consequences may come up. The problem is manageable only if the pertinent symptoms are picked up quickly. These include;
- Abnormal fetal movement
In most cases, reduced movement is what causes fetal distress. The baby’s movement inside the womb is crucial to its well-being. Regular lapses in movement, such as when newborns sleep in the womb, are typical. However, if the infant’s activity level decreases or stops, this could cause concern. If you notice such occurrences, you should inform your doctor for testing.
You frequently endure cramping as your baby develops and the uterus swells. However, In particular, if cramping is severe and accompanied by back pain, you should report the matter to your doctor without hesitation. Intense cramping could signify a significant issue distressing for the fetus and placental abruption.
- Vaginal bleeding
During pregnancy, a few vaginal bleeding incidents are normal. However, if you encounter continuous bleeding seeking professional help is vital. Heavy vaginal bleeding indicates various problems associated with fetal distress, such as placenta previa. This condition is where the placenta totally or partially covers your cervix (the lower part of the uterus). The issues lead to deadly bleeding and should be attended to immediately.
- Abnormal heart rates
Heartbeats in developing newborns normally in pregnancy will be steady and strong. A fetus may be distressed if its heart rate changes, its movements become slower or cease entirely. A healthy fetal heart rate, according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), should range from 110 and 160 beats per minute (bpm).
- Maternal weight gain
Expectant mothers should gain between 25 and 40 pounds in a healthy range. Doctors and moms must closely monitor weight increase because a weight gain of more than 40 pounds may cause fetal distress.
Treatment ways for fetal distress
Fetal distress may require surgical intervention or more conservative measures. However, no research has established which of the two is superior. The following are a few of the fetal distress treatments that are available.
- Bringing The Baby Out
During labour, if the fetus is in constant distress, the doctor may decide to deliver the baby as soon as possible. However, it is important to consider the mother’s other health-related considerations, the fetal heart rate’s severity, and any blood sample abnormalities.
Amnioinfusion will be advantageous, and the danger of a C-section will be reduced if umbilical cord compression is suspected. Through the uterine wall, a Ringer’s lactate is transcervical administered. They are occasionally injected using a needle and an ultrasound. Umbilical cord prolapse or amniotic fluid embolism are two possible negative effects. By dilution, the amnioinfusion will lower the risk of meconium aspiration.
In conclusion, fetal distress is a risky condition that may be fatal. Despite the dangers, prompt medical attention can significantly reduce the risk and save lives. You should be able to identify the symptoms of fetal distress so that you can take the appropriate action and run to the hospital if any symptoms do start to appear.